Coding and programming languages have been around for centuries, with early examples dating back to the 1800s. The history of coding is full of fascinating stories and milestones. In 1843, Ada Lovelace wrote the world’s first computer program, which was designed to calculate a sequence of Bernoulli numbers.
In 1937, John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry developed the first electronic computer, called the Atanasoff-Berry Computer.
In 1941, Konrad Zuse designed and built the first programmable computer. The Z3, as it was called, used a binary code and could be programmed to perform simple calculations.
In 1953, Grace Hopper developed the first compiler, which translated English-like symbols into machine code that could be understood by computers. Hopper’s compiler was called COBOL, and it is still in use today.
In 1957, FORTRAN, the first high-level programming language, was developed. High-level programming languages are closer to human languages and are easier to learn and use than machine code.
In 1959, the Integrated Circuit, or microchip, was invented. The microchip made it possible to miniaturize computers and paved the way for the development of the personal computer.
In 1971, Intel released the first microprocessor, the 4004. The microprocessor allowed computers to be built on a single chip, making them smaller and more affordable.
In 1976, Apple released the first personal computer, the Apple I. The Apple I was followed by the Apple II, which was released in 1977. The Apple II was the first personal computer to be mass-produced and was a huge success.
In 1981, IBM released the first personal computer with a microprocessor, the IBM PC. The IBM PC was based on an open architecture, which allowed other companies to produce compatible computers.
In 1984, Apple released the Macintosh, the first personal computer with a graphical user interface. The Macintosh was a success, but it was soon overshadowed by the IBM PC and its clones.
In 1985, Microsoft released Windows 1.0, the first version of the Windows operating system. Windows quickly became the most popular operating system for personal computers.
In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee wrote the first web browser, which he called WorldWideWeb. The web browser allowed users to view and navigate the web.
In 1991, Linus Torvalds released the first version of the Linux operating system. Linux is a free and open-source operating system that can be used on a wide variety of computers.
In 1993, Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina released the first web browser with a graphical user interface, Mosaic. Mosaic was later renamed Netscape Navigator.
In 1994, Andreessen and Jim Clark founded Netscape Communications, which produced the Netscape Navigator web browser. In 1995, Netscape Navigator was the most popular web browser in the world. In 1996, Andreessen and Clark founded the web-based company Netscape. In 1998, Netscape was acquired by AOL.
In 2001, Microsoft released Internet Explorer 6, the first web browser with built-in support for cascading style sheets. In 2003, Opera, a web browser with a small footprint and fast performance, was released. In 2005, Mozilla Firefox, a web browser with a clean and simple user interface, was released. In 2006, Google released the beta version of Chrome, a web browser with a focus on security and speed. In 2008, Apple released Safari, a web browser with a focus on design and usability.
In 2009, Google released the beta version of Google Wave, a messaging and collaboration platform. In 2010, Google released the beta version of Google Buzz, a social networking and messaging platform. In 2011, Google+ was released, a social networking platform that includes features such as Circles and Hangouts. In 2012, Google released the beta version of Google Glass, a wearable computer with a head-mounted display. In 2013, Google released the beta version of Android, a mobile operating system. In 2014, Google released the beta version of Android Wear, a wearable operating system. In 2015, Google released the beta version of Google Home, a smart speaker.